Types of Massage Therapy, Techniques & Movements

types of massage therapy

Types of Massage Therapy, Techniques & Movements

Table Of Contents

types of massage therapy

Learn about the various styles of massages and talk to your Registered Massage Therapist (RMT) about the best treatment for you.

1. Swedish massage. This is most likely the most well-known form of massage. By massaging the soft tissues, it is intended to calm the body and improve circulation.

2. Deep tissue massage. More pressure is used in this form of massage to reach deeper into the muscles and tendons. It affects the connective tissue network that surrounds, protects, and inhabits muscles, bones, organs, and nerves.

3. Trigger point massage. During this treatment, muscle tightness or “knots” are targeted. It incorporates Swedish massage and deep tissue massage techniques.

4. Prenatal massage. Pregnant women also experience pain in their lower backs, thighs, or hips, as well as swelling. Massage has been shown to benefit pregnant women’s mental wellbeing, low-back pain, and labour pain.

5. Sports massage. A sports massage is beneficial to athletes of all ages, from weekend warriors to professional athletes. Before a high-intensity workout or game, some athletes get sports massages as a warm-up.

Massage Therapy Techniques

Although training varies by state and school, there are 5 basic massage movements:

1. Effleurage (Stroking) — Used mostly at the start or end of a massage, as well as to attach or connect movements.

2. Petrissage — Using the fingertips, thumb, or heels of the hand to make deeper strokes. Petrissage involves kneading, picking up, wringing, and rolling.

3. Tapotement — is a technique for stimulating and toning a specific area. Cupping and hacking, for example, are examples of this technique.

4. Frictions — These are rubbing motions on the skin that are applied to the surface tissue.

5. Vibrations — Usually used to ease fatigue and pain, these movements may assist in the healing of a particular area while also serving as a natural sedative.

Massage Therapy Techniques

Types of Massage Movements

Although almost all massage techniques aim to facilitate relaxation and alleviate muscle tension, there are a few main distinctions between them.

1. Effleurage. Effleurage is a stroke that can be seen in almost any modality. The massage therapist glides slow, gliding strokes over your body with their palms, knuckles, and/or forearms.

2. Petrissage. Petrissage is the kneading, rolling, and wringing of tissue with the thumbs and knuckles of the massage therapist.

3. Friction. One of the most popular massage strokes for loosening muscle knots is friction. To create warmth and help the muscles relax and unwind, the massage therapist can rub both hands in rapid motions around the part of the body being operated on.

4. Tapotement. Tapotement is when a massage therapist taps on the body softly and rhythmically with their fists, the side of their hands, or cupped hands.

5. Vibration. The massage therapist uses their fingertips or the heel of their hand to vibrate over the skin in a back-and-forth motion. Vary according to individual preferences and the massage’s target, it can be done quickly or slowly.

6. Fascial Techniques. The fascia, a form of connective tissue that covers every muscle and bone in the body, is loosening and healing with fascia techniques.

Ottawa Massage Therapy

Kanata Orthopaedic Physiotherapy Clinic specializes in massage therapy for chronic maintenance, discomfort, and musculoskeletal soft tissue injury, and is located in Ottawa, Ontario. Each massage therapy program is designed to the client’s unique requirements.

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